A virtual Linux machine used for development was behaving unreliably.
Programs would fail to start and running program would freeze.
I decided to restart the system, however it failed to start up again.
It simply displayed this message:
BusyBox v1.22.1 (Ubuntu 1:1.22.0-15ubuntu1) built-in shell (ash)
Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands.
I tried to exit the shell, which lead to this message:
/dev/sda1 contains a file system with errors, check forced.
Inodes that were part of a corrupted orphan linked list found.
/dev/sda1: UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY; RUN fsck MANUALLY.
(i.e., without -a or -p options)
fsck exited with status code 4
The root filesystem on /dev/sda1 requires a manual fsck
File system corruption seemed to explain the reliability problems and the subsequent boot failure.
Followed the suggestion of running fsck with:
Accepted all file system repairs suggested by fsck.
(Should have used the -y parameter)
Then rebooted the system with:
After the file system repairs the system booted and seemed fully functional.
If a Linux system fails to boot and only displays a BusyBox / initramfs prompt, try exiting the shell.
This may provide information about the actual problem.
A Raspberry Pi 3 had a problem after I had performed a number of system changes.
When booting it would hang for around 2 minutes showing:
I examined system messages from the boot process with:
Part of the result was:
[ 98.748722] CIFS VFS: Send error in SessSetup = -13
[ 98.749092] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -13
[ 125.427742] usb 1-220.127.116.11: reset high-speed USB device number 9 using dwc_otg
[ 188.946712] Status code returned 0xc000006d NT_STATUS_LOGON_FAILURE
I remembered that I had experimented with various ways to mount a Samba share in: /etc/fstab
This didn’t work because of authentication problems and (as a side effect) it delayed startup significantly.
I decided to solve the problem by:
1. Removing the non-functional line from /etc/fstab
2. Creating a script to be run on demand:
With content similar to this:
sudo mount -t cifs -o user=pi //server/shared /mnt/server_shared/
The script relies on the mount.cifs command.
For Debian based Linux distributions this is part of the cifs-utils package.
While updating a newly installed Raspberry Pi 2 with Raspbian Linux, it seemed to hang while upgrading with:
sudo apt-get upgrade
After 10 minutes of inactivity I decided to reset the system.
As expected this caused problems.
sudo apt-get update
I noticed this error:
E: dpkg was interrupted, you must manually run 'sudo dpkg --configure -a' to correct the problem.
I tried running the suggested command:
sudo dpkg --configure -a
It fixed some problems, but it left me with:
dpkg: error processing package ntp (--configure):
package is in a very bad inconsistent state; you should
reinstall it before attempting configuration
Errors were encountered while processing:
Various ways to reinstall and remove the ntp package were unsuccessful.
Eventually I found a solution here:
sudo dpkg --remove --force-remove-reinstreq ntp
sudo apt-get install ntp
If a package is broken on a Debian based Linux system it can be a solution to remove it forcefully with the –force-remove-reinstreq option for dpkg.